Phonics in EYFS and KS1
For the first two years at Sutton-at-Hone Primary school we follow the RWI phonics programme. A parents’ guide and a video example of a speed sound lesson can be found here:
Early Years and Foundation Stage
Set 1 sounds
In Reception, the children will have a short daily phonics lesson where they will learn to read the Set 1 sounds.
They will be taught to blend orally – for example the teacher will say c-a-t and the children will blend the letters together to say cat and will progress to sound out and read CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words.
Set 2 sounds
When the children are confident to sound out and blend words with the Set 1 sounds, they will move on to Set 2 sounds (the long vowel sounds). Every speed sound has a list of green words linked to it, so the children can ‘sound out’ and ‘sound blend’ words containing the new speed sound they have just learnt, for example s-p-r-ay = spray.
Recap Set 1 and 2
During Year 1, the children with recap set 1 and 2 sounds (previously learned in Reception) and spend time ensuring that the children are confident to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants e.g f-r-o-g and t-r-a-p.
Set 3 sounds
During the Reception year, the children were taught one way in which each long vowel sound is written. When learning their Set 3 speed sounds they will be taught that there are more ways in which the same sounds are written, e.g. ee as in tree and ea as in tea.
They will learn to read and write words which use these new graphemes. As with set 2, every speed sound has a list of green words linked to it, so the children can ‘sound out’ and ‘sound blend’ words containing the new speed sound they have just learnt, for example s-p-oi-l = spoil.
In Term 5, each child will take part in the Phonics Screening Check to ensure that they are making lots of progress in phonics. More information about the check can be found below.
In Year 2, children will recap Set 3 sounds and by now should be becoming more independent readers. Through this time they will be using the phonics to become more accurate at spelling and transitioning from phonics to spelling by focusing on specific spelling patterns.
The children learn and use all of these terms during Phonics:
Digraph – two letters which make one sound, eg ai- snail in the rain
Trigraph – three letters which make one sound, eg ear- hear with your ear
Split digraph – two letters which are not next to each other but make up the sound, eg a-e – make a cake
Sound buttons – dots and dashes used under words to show single letter sounds/diagraphs/trigraphs